= organotrophic; adj.
describing organisms (known as heterotrophs) that use complex organic compounds to synthesize their own organic materials. Most heterotrophs are chemoheterotrophic, i.e. they use the organic compounds as an energy source. This group includes the majority of bacteria and all animals and fungi.
Compare: autotrophic

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • heterotrophic — [het΄ər ōträf′ik, het΄ər əträf′ik, het΄ər ō΄trō′fik, het΄ər ətrō′fik] adj. [ HETERO + TROPHIC] obtaining food from organic material only; unable to use inorganic matter to form proteins and carbohydrates: cf. AUTOTROPHIC …   English World dictionary

  • heterotrophic — adjective Date: 1893 requiring complex organic compounds of nitrogen and carbon (as that obtained from plant or animal matter) for metabolic synthesis compare autotrophic • heterotrophically adverb • heterotrophy noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • heterotrophic — /het euhr euh trof ik, troh fik/, adj. Biol. capable of utilizing only organic materials as a source of food. [1890 95; HETERO + TROPHIC] * * * …   Universalium

  • heterotrophic — adjective Being a heterotroph …   Wiktionary

  • heterotrophic — 1. Relating to or exhibiting the properties of heterotrophy. 2. Relating to a heterotroph. * * * het·ero·tro·phic .het ə rə trō fik adj requiring complex organic compounds of nitrogen and carbon (as that obtained from plant or animal matter) for… …   Medical dictionary

  • heterotrophic — adj. deriving energy from externally produced organic compounds (Biology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • heterotrophic — het·ero·tro·phic …   English syllables

  • heterotrophic — /hɛtəroʊˈtrɒfɪk/ (say hetuhroh trofik), / ˈtroʊfɪk/ (say trohfik) adjective (of an organism) dependent upon an external source of organic compounds as a means of obtaining energy, as animals, fungi and a few flowering plants. Compare autotrophic …   Australian-English dictionary

  • heterotrophic — adj. See: heterotroph …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • heterotrophic — adj. Biol. deriving its nourishment and carbon requirements from organic substances; not autotrophic. Etymology: HETERO + Gk trophos feeder …   Useful english dictionary

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